The Healing Power of Pets

By Barbara Ballinger,

For elderly pet owners, who often live alone or in group facilities, pets can help reduce stress, lower blood pressure, increase social interaction and physical activity and help them learn.

“A new pet can stimulate someone to read up on an animal or breed, which can be very mentally stimulating and important at that age,” says Dr. Katharine Hillestad, a veterinarian with the office of Doctors Foster and Smith in Rhinelander, Wis., which provides online advice and retails pet supplies and pharmaceuticals.

Pets provide other intangibles. “Dogs—and other pets—live very much in the here and now. They don’t worry about tomorrow. And tomorrow can be very scary for an older person. By having an animal with that sense of now, it tends to rub off on people,” says Dr. Jay P. Granat, a New Jersey psychotherapist.

And pets can reduce depression and lessen loneliness. “Older pet owners have often told us how incredibly barren and lonely their lives were without their pet’s companionship, even when there were some downsides to owning an active pet,” says Linda Anderson, who with husband Allen founded the Angel Animals Network in Minneapolis. The couple speaks about the joys of pet ownership and has authored books.

In Angel Dogs: Divine Messengers of Love (New World Library, 2005), the Andersons tell about Bonnie, a golden retriever Marjorie and Richard Douse adopted, which became an indispensable family member. “We never felt alone when Bonnie was in the house. As we aged and tended to go out less, she provided us with loving companionship,” the Douses say in the Anderson’s book.

Psychologist Penny B. Donnenfeld, who brings her golden retriever mix Sandee to her New York City office, has even witnessed her ability to rev up elder owners’ memories. “I’ve seen those with memory loss interact and access memories from long ago,” she says. “Having a pet helps the senior focus on something other than physical problems and negative preoccupations about loss or aging.”

Pets benefit, too, particularly when older folks adopt older pets. “These lucky pets go from the pound to paradise. Since most of the adopters are retired, they have lots of time to devote to a previously unwanted pet,” says Chicago veterinarian Tony Kremer, who with his wife Meg operates Help Save Pets—Humane Society, which operates adoption centers.

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Right pet for the right owner. But because people age so differently, the decision needs to be made carefully—and not just by grown loving children who think it sounds like a way to provide camaraderie. Because there’s no single right pet, ask the following questions to help narrow the field, says Dr. Donnenfeld.

Are you set in your ways? If you don’t like change, you may not be a good candidate, say the Andersons.

Have you had a pet before? Amy Sherman, a licensed therapist and author of Distress-Free Aging: A Boomer’s Guide to Creating a Fulfilled and Purposeful Life thinks it’s best if the elderly person is an experienced owner.

Do you have disabilities? Dogs can be wonderful companions who encourage a senior with no major physical limitations to walk and interact with others, Dr. Donnenfeld says. For those who are physically challenged, cats often need less care than dogs, she says. A small dog that’s paper-trained or an indoor bird is also sometimes preferable, she says.

Do you need a therapy pet? If the person is very infirm or impaired, they may be a candidate for an assistance or therapy dog to help them function or interact.

Where to Find and How to Provide for a Pet

Is the pet the right age? A puppy or kitten may not be the best choice for elderly owners because of the care they require. A young pet may outlive its owner. Birds especially have long life spans. Yet, it’s also important that the pet isn’t too old since it may start to have physical limitations and get sick, Dr. Donnenfeld cautions.

Does the pet have a good temperament? Although some older owners may think a Great Pyrenees would be too big to handle, Daffron found one mixed two-year old so mellow that it would have been a good pet for a senior. “Many older people might think they’d do better with a Jack Russell terrier because it’s small but they are very, very, very high energy and require more effort and commitment. So much depends on personality,” she says.

Is the pet healthy? It’s important that any pet be examined by a professional. “You don’t want to compromise an older person’s immune system since some pets carry diseases,” says Dr. Hillestad.

One pet or two? While multiple pets can keep each other company, that may not be a good idea for an older person, says Dr. Hillestad. “Two puppies may bond with each other rather than with the owner,” she says.

Are finances an issue? Pets cost money. A small puppy can run more than $810 its first year for food, medical care, toys and grooming while a fish is less expensive–about $235, according to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. If the pet takes ill, dollars snowball. Groups are available to help allay costs.

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The Healing Power of Pets originally appeared on


Jo S.
Jo S1 years ago

Thank you.

c H.
carole H3 years ago

An animal gives love unconditionally, older people benefit greatly from this, I agree. Everyone needs to be needed. Animals are our sanctuary in times of sorrow too, when I lost my mum my late cat never left my side as I grieved. He was my rock.

Jess No Fwd Plz K.
Jessica K3 years ago

I like the essay and the comments. Like some said, it's important to give and receive love and pets are a great vehicle for that. Thanks.

jana dicarlo
Jana DiCarlo3 years ago

I have seen with my own eyes the world of good a dog has done for a couple of older relatives. They literally turned back the clock about 20 years!!! More alert, happier, more interested in life, going out. The dogs brought a new and positive energy, almost magically.

I think every nursing home should have at LEAST ONE cat or dog, ideally both ( given they get along lol) Its much better to have rover do a few tricks and come for a snuggle than talking about your last bowel mvmt!

Cheryl B.
Cheryl B5 years ago


Dale Overall

A companion animal brings much joy to people be they senior, single, young, middle aged or married/living together.

Ginger T is "furious" with the idea of seniors having cats/dogs because she reads about cases of some animals being dumped when a senior dies. She states that for older people to own pets is cruel because the senior may well die.

Live in the real world Ginger! Even a 54 year old man driving home is at risk such as when some idiot passing on a double line crashed into him and killed my brother. He was not single but he could well have been. Some seniors live to be 100 and can still walk around the block better than some couch bound 30 year old! Who the hell are you to judge who can and cannot own a pet? Many families do take in the pet, caring for them after a senior or a younger person in their 20s dies of unforeseen causes. I am 56 and plan to have companion cats all my life even though I am allergic and love my blind sixteen year old cat! Many dumped pets come from people in their younger years.

It is helpful if we all have a plan in place be it an emergency or death to look after our beloved pets if something should happen to us. Most of us do not do this but we need to. A pet is beloved and helps us be happier in mind, body and spirit.

Walter G.
Walter G5 years ago

I live in my own home, but as most of my friends have died, it is now a secluded life. My rescued pets have helped so very much, and they beat expensive doctors.

Eternal Gardener
Eternal G5 years ago

Couldn't stand life without them.

Carrie Anne Brown

great article, thanks for sharing :)

LMj Sunshine
James Merit5 years ago

thank you..