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Your Immune System and How It Works

Health & Wellness  (tags: immune system, cells, bone marrow, thymus, spleen, brain, cns, auto immune diseases, humans, illness, health, healthcare )

- 3722 days ago -
There are many ways to tell the story of immunity, and they all must grapple with its complexity. To attempt to describe the immune system requires us to artificially separate it from the rest of the body and the myriad other systems with which it relate


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Cheryl B (373)
Wednesday April 15, 2009, 10:59 am
Your Immune System and How it Works
by William Collinge, PhD, MPh
April 18, 2008

Dr. William Collinge is a leading expert in the use of complementary therapies to help ME/CFS & FM patients with psychological, physical and spiritual healing. This article is excerpted with permission from Chapter 4 of Dr. Collinge's book Recovering from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Guide to Self-Empowerment, which is offered free in its entirety on his website (

“The immune system cannot be considered in isolation. In fact, it can be thought of as part of a larger system which could be called the healing system. This larger system also includes the mind and attitudes, the brain, the nervous system, and the endocrine system.” – William Collinge


There are many ways to tell the story of immunity, and they all must grapple with its complexity. To attempt to describe the immune system requires us to artificially separate it from the rest of the body and the myriad other systems with which it relates. Of course, none of your body's systems exists in isolation. In fact, they literally flow into one another like a seamless garment, and you can not really find where one system ends and another begins.

Nonetheless, I will describe what are considered to be the main elements of the immune system.

The Sea of Microbes

Our environment is an ocean of life. This ocean is teaming with millions of viruses, bacteria, fungi, and other micro-organisms, and this abundance of living organisms does not stop at our skin. It is normal for us to have many different kinds of organisms living inside our bodies. Some are good for us, such as certain kinds of bacteria that live in our intestinal tract and help maintain healthy digestion. Others have the potential to cause symptoms of dis-ease or imbalance in how our bodies function. These latter organisms are called pathogens.

Usually we think of the surface of our skin as a boundary between us and our environment. In a sense, the skin serves as an interface between us and what is outside us - self and nonself. When we touch a tree, our skin is a boundary, the point where we, or the self, and the tree, or non-self, meet. But because our bodies are permeable, many microscopic organisms are able to penetrate our boundaries.

Hence we need another level of protection inside the body to distinguish self from non-self. This is the function of the immune system - to provide internal protection from non-self organisms or materials that penetrate our boundaries. The immune system is our internal interface between self and non-self. As we shall see, the immune system is able to distinguish between friend and foe, and to protect us from materials which do not belong.

The Balance of Nature

The notion of the balance of nature means that we are living in balance or harmony with life around us. However, it does not apply only to the grand scale of ecological crises and endangered species in the outer world. It also applies to the environment inside our bodies. In fact, many definitions of health often refer to living in balance. This implies that all of our internal life processes are somehow in harmony or rhythm with each other.

Within our bodies, as in outer nature, one of the principles for maintaining balance is that of predators and prey. Certain organisms perform the function of limiting the growth of other organisms which could upset the balance, and could ultimately lead to the demise of the entire system. In the human body this principle takes the form of the immune system hunting down and destroying pathogens. The immune system is predatory, with its white cells literally hunting down and preying upon pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

Because we are constantly immersed in this sea of life, it is normal for us to have these organisms within us, and it is normal for the immune system to routinely detect and destroy them, usually without our ever being even aware of it. It is normal for us to have cancer cells arise, and again, for our immune system to quietly destroy them before any noticeable pathology could ever develop. We are in a state of dis-ease when the balancing principle has somehow been interfered with or the immune system has been unable to respond as needed to maintain the balance.

With these principles in mind, let us now consider the major parts of the immune system.

The Bone Marrow [birthplace of white (immune) blood cells]

The marrow has been often used as a powerful symbol in poetry and literature, referring to the deepest recesses of one's being. There is perhaps a universal understanding that to penetrate to the marrow is to penetrate to the core. This symbolism is certainly an accurate one when considering the human body, for without the marrow we could not live.

The marrow is a spongy tissue that fills the hollow spaces in our bones. You can think of the marrow as a vast vineyard, with billions upon billions of vines bearing fruit. The vines represent what are called stem cells. These are the cells which continuously bear fruit in the form of red cells and white cells. They give birth to the red cells and platelets of your blood. They also give birth to all your white cells, which do the work of your immune system. As these offspring of your stem cells mature and ripen, they detach and are carried out into the body by your circulatory system.

The Thymus Gland [where some white cells become “T” cells]

After your white cells leave the bone marrow, about half of them migrate directly to the thymus gland. The thymus is a small, walnut-sized gland located behind the breast bone. Only in recent years has it been understood as an integral part of the immune system. It serves as an incubator for certain white cells. Those cells which migrate to the thymus become "T" cells - "T" for "thymus-derived."

There are basically four types of T-cells (discussed below). These include T-helper cells, T-suppressor cells, T-killer cells, and T-memory cells. Each of these performs a vital function in your immune system.

The Spleen [reservoir for white cells]

The spleen is another region of spongy tissue, located deep in the abdomen between your stomach and left kidney. It too is not completely understood, but it serves as a reservoir for immune cells to be stored and to interact with each other. As we shall see later, communication among white cells is an important function of the immune system, and the spleen assists with this. Damage to the spleen can result in increased vulnerability to infection.

The Immune Cells [white cells]

Finally we have the immune cells themselves, also called white cells. There are many different types of white cells, which can be lumped into a few broad categories. If you can bear with this explanation, you will see that the immune system is an incredibly intelligent, well-organized system.

T-Helper Cells [trigger the immune response]
One of the most important functions of the immune system is performed by the T-helper cell. That function is to turn on or arouse the immune response. The T-helpers receive information from other white cells that tells them of the presence of a threat.

The T-helpers then release messenger molecules, called cytokines, into the bloodstream. These messages are received by the other white cells, which in turn respond with heightened activity, mounting a response to the offending material, whether it is a virus, bacteria, cancer cell, toxic substance, or other threat.

The T-helper cell is considered the trigger of the immune response. Unfortunately, it is one of the primary targets of the human immunodeficiency virus in AIDS. If the T-helper cell is injured or killed, then the person's immune response will be compromised, and they will be more vulnerable to infections. This of course is how AIDS becomes a life threatening illness. People who suffer from AIDS do so as a result of infections that would not be such a threat in a normally aroused immune system.

T-Suppressor Cells [turn off the immune response]
These are the cells which turn off the immune response after a threat has passed. The T-suppressors also release chemical messengers into the bloodstream to the other white cells. These chemicals have the effect of announcing that the battle is over and it is safe now to relax the defense forces and move back into a state of routine surveillance.

Immunologists have found that the ratio of T-helper cells to T-suppressor cells is an indication of the health of the immune system. The normal T-cell ratio is approximately 1.8 T-helper cells for each T-suppressor cell. This is the ratio in which the immune system is in balance and runs most harmoniously.

There are many diseases in which the ratio is out of balance, one way or the other. For instance, some lymphomas may have a ratio of 4:1 or higher, and multiple sclerosis may range from 2.5:1 to 2.8:1. AIDS, on the other hand, may be 1:1 or less, because of the toll the AIDS virus takes on T-helper cells. In the Tahoe study [involving a still-evolving self-help program for ME/CFS patients that Dr. Collinge developed in collaboration with Dr. Daniel Peterson, MD, in Incline Village, Nevada]. CFS patients were found to have a ratio of 3.16:1, a clearly abnormal ratio.

T-Killer Cells [search and destroy]
There are several types of white cells which do the work of actually killing or removing unwanted material. The T-killer cell is one of these. It has receptors on its surface which receive the chemical message from the T-helper cell. The receptor is like a satellite dish, which accepts the message and processes it. After this communication has taken place, the T-killer knows what kind of target to look for and springs into action.

It is not entirely clear how T-killer cells find their targets, but it is probably through some kind of electrochemical attraction. Once they encounter the unwanted tissue, they use chemical warfare to destroy it. This means they literally come up against the surface of the offending organism and inject poison into it. The poison dissolves a hole in the wall of the offending cell, its insides spill out, and it dies. Once the battle is over, the T-killer cell receives the message from the T-suppressor to retreat, and it returns to a mode of surveillance.

T-Memory Cells [store info about past encounters]
As I stated earlier, the immune system is intelligent. This means it communicates, has senses, and also has memory. The T-memory cells perform the function of storing information about past encounters with disease-causing agents. This enables the immune system to respond to an invader more quickly, because it does not have to go through the work of drawing up a profile and identification of the offender.

In a sense, the information is already filed in the memory bank, enabling more rapid recognition and analysis of the offender to take place, and an overwhelming immune response may be mounted more quickly. This is the principle on which immunizations and inoculations are based.

Macrophages [cleanup & surveillance]
As stated earlier, only about half the white cells leaving the marrow become T-cells. The other half become macrophages, natural killer cells, and B-cells.

Macrophages are the largest cells of the immune system. Their name literally means "the great eaters." Their function is to roam throughout the body picking up debris, digesting it, and removing it. They keep the body clean, in a sense, constantly on the look out for diseased, dying, or dead tissue.

Occasionally a macrophage will encounter a pathogen such as a virus, bacterium, or other invader. When this happens, the macrophage will take a piece of material from this invader and bring this evidence to the attention of the T-memory cell for identification. In this way, macrophages play an essential role in surveillance of the body. They are also involved in eating and removing diseased or dead tissue, including the remains left by the work of killer cells.

As do all the other white cells, macrophages do have certain vulnerabilities. One is that sometimes they can be penetrated by a dangerous virus, such as HIV. In this instance, rather than killing its host cell, HIV may simply live within the macrophage and go along for the ride. Unfortunately this is one of the routes by which viruses may penetrate through the blood-brain barrier and gain entry into brain tissue. Once in the brain, they can cause symptoms. Many of the symptoms of CFS are thought to be caused by the effects of viral activity on brain tissue.

Natural Killer Cells [T-killer cell backup]
If there is to be a hero in the immune system, the Natural Killer (NK) cell is a good candidate. This is because NK cells are extremely powerful and important. They are thought to play a major role in the destruction of both cancer cells and cells which are infected by viruses.

The NK cell functions like a free spirit. Since it is not part of the T-cell network, it is not dependent on messages from the T-helpers or T-suppressors to regulate its activity. On their own, NK cells are able detect the presence of a cancerous or virus-infected cell, and destroy it. The killing process is the same as that described earlier for the NK's close cousins, the T-killer cells.

Because they are free spirits, NK cells play an important role in diseases where T-helper function is deficient. It is believed that long-term AIDS survivors do well because their NK cells are compensating for a deficient number of T-helper cells. This demonstrates one of the important features of the immune system, called redundancy - the ability of other parts of the system to pick up the slack and compensate when one part is having difficulty. Overall, the NK cell is considered a symbol of the fighting spirit of the immune system.

B-Cells [design and memory of virus-neutralizing antibodies]
So far we have been discussing the activity of white cells which directly encounter and confront unwanted organisms - in a sense, cell-to-cell combat. Those activities described comprise what is called "cellular immunity." This refers to the activity of individual cells in defending the body directly. There is another kind of immune activity, however, which is called "humoral immunity." Humor refers to blood, and humoral immunity involves the circulation throughout your body of substances which are produced by your white cells.

This type of immune response is directed by B-cells. These cells tend to cluster around your lymph nodes, where they can easily monitor foreign materials, for example viruses, which may be circulating through the body. The B-cell is alerted to the presence of a virus, either by a macrophage or by T-helper cells, and rather than attacking the virus directly it begins producing antibodies for that virus.

Another name for antibody is immunoglobulin (Ig). The antibodies are released into the blood stream where they attach themselves to viruses, neutralizing them until a macrophage comes along and devours the antibody and virus together. In a sense the antibody acts like a ball and chain to the virus, rendering it unable to penetrate a cell and cause disease.

The B-cells manufacture millions of antibodies for viruses which have been detected in the body, and each type of antibody is tailor-made for a specific type of virus. Each type of virus you have been exposed to in your life is remembered by your immune system, and each has a corresponding template stored in the memory of your B-cells.

Should a given virus from your past be detected again, the response of your B-cells will be swift in mounting the antibody response. Should it be an encounter with a new virus, the response will be slower because of the time needed to design the new antibodies.

Finally, the B-cells respond to the level of viruses in the body, and adjust their output accordingly.

In Summary
There are several qualities your immune system has which give reason for hope. These include the fact that it is intelligent, it communicates, it has memory, it has senses, and it is creative. In addition, it has certain qualities of redundancy and compensatory mechanisms - that is, it has several alternative ways of responding to a problem, and if one part of the system is having difficulty, other parts can pick up the slack.


The immune system cannot be considered in isolation. In fact, it can be thought of as part of a larger system which could be called the healing system. This larger system also includes the mind and attitudes, the brain, the nervous system, and the endocrine system.

The interaction among all these systems is the subject of the science of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI). One of the most important messages of this new field is that the immune system is an open system - that is, it does not act alone, but is very much influenced by communication with these other systems.

The Neuroimmune Network

How does this communication take place? One the most important insights of PNI is that the brain is a gland. As such, it releases chemicals into the bloodstream which communicate with the white cells. As mentioned earlier, white cells have receptors - like satellite dishes - on their surfaces which receive these chemical messages, decode them, and use the instructions to influence the behavior of the cell.

Another means of communication between the brain and white cells is the nerve endings reaching from the brain all the way into the bone marrow, thymus, and the other organs of the immune system. These nerve endings can stimulate the production of white cells in the marrow. They are also able to stimulate the activity of the thymus gland and other organs.

The nervous system also has receptors embedded in the organs of the immune system, along the walls of the blood vessels, and in the brain. These receptors are able to receive chemical messages released by the white cells, and send this information back to the brain. These signals can tell the brain about the status of the immune system and its activity. The brain can in turn respond with further release of chemicals or nerve impulses to stimulate the immune responses in the desired way. Hence there is constantly two-way communication between the immune and nervous systems.

These two modes of communication - chemical messages and nerve impulses - are the means the brain uses for mind/body communication.

[To learn more, go to the contents page for Recovering from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Guide to Self-Empowerment - and watch for the script of a Live Q&A with Dr. Collinge that was held April 25 in the Chat Room]



Richard Wilson (88)
Thursday April 16, 2009, 9:18 pm
come on guys help me out here , CherylThank you ,I will save this one for later , my brain is in need of some chemicals.

. (1)
Friday April 17, 2009, 7:58 am
Due to the fact I suffer from autoimmune diseases, this article was very helpful. I was diagnosed with Mixed Connective Tissue Disorder/Lupus, Raynaud's, and there is a possibility I could have early MS. These diseases reek havoc with your entire body. They have the potential to effect your skin, all of your vital organs, the brain, eye sight, cause severe headaches worse than migraines, leave you totally lifeless from extreme fatigue, cause depression, anxiety, cause sores in the mouth, cause you to be more susceptible to other illnesses, and much more. The huge problem with the thousands of autoimmune illnesses out there is there has just not been enough research done to find medications that work, and a run for a cure on them. There is so much more that needs to be done. Lupus, MS, MCTD, and many more ruin people's lives, and cause you to have no quality of life. They can come on quickly, and render you helpless. Doctors need much more information, and research to even have medications to help. Please support all bills and information you see on these illnesses for we need all the help we can get.

Robert Garvin (46)
Friday April 17, 2009, 5:43 pm
What a fantastic description of how the system actually works. This would have to be about the best I have seen so far but there was just one small omission from the presentation which i feel needs to be addressed. There is mention of the communication between the cells etc but there is NO indication of how this works.

A new science has been discovered in the mid 1990's and it is about cell to cell communication. Sorry Pam but drugs may never be the means of filling this role. the surface of each cell is something like a tennis ball with a fuzz all over it. Each of those fibers of the fuzz has a stem that is protein but it is the branches of those little trees that are the basics of this new science. Those branches are made of something that has now been identified as Glyco nutrients, 8 specific carbohydrates which are THE communication system and work somewhat like the Braille communication system.

With Braille, if some of the dots are missing or have been removed or worse still, were not placed in the first place, miscommunication will cause a breakdown. If you do not believe me, then try and read this next piece of information. I I I /\ I I I I I I M I .

Since there are these 8 special carbohydrates required for the complete communication system to operate correctly, any missing ones will be similar to dots missing in the braille system. It has been determined that there is a deficiency of about six of those important carbs so necessary for the communication to take place.
If you take 6 from eight it will leave you just two. When I went to school and we had fractions 2 over 8 cancelled down to 1 over 4.

In the English Alphabet there are just four strokes that in different combinations make up every letter of the alphabet A has two long strokes and one short stroke. B has one long stroke and two small curves. D has one long stroke and one large curve. The four strokes are one long stroke, one short stroke, one small curve and one large curve. Just to put this to the test for yourself, just go through the alphabet and check it out for yourself. Every letter is a combination of those strokes. Not every stroke is in every letter but they are used in various combinations.

Now what did my heirogliphics actually say in plain English or American or Strine (Australian) very simple
PLEASE HELP ME. So if you think I am off my rocker, Why did Oxford University put in a thirty million Pound laboratory setup to investigate Glyconutrients? Why did Griffiths University in Australia put in a thirteen million dollar programme similar to Oxford? Why did the science field give the name of "Glycome" or "Glycomics" to this incredibly important science? And finally, How come so many people's lives are changed when they get on to using the Glyconutrient programme? Sure, there is so much anecdotal information going round but there is also more and more scientific information coming through. Maybe, just maybe, there is the answer in reintroducing the Glyconutrients into our diets.

If I say anything more folks will begin to think I am trying to flog something. Sure I am. Wellness for all which is what I first mentioned when I joined this C2NN. Why shouldn't folks have a better quality of life? If I don't let them know, Who will?

By the way, ONLY the natural Glyconutrients work effectively as they are NOT toxic. They have been trying to make artificial glycos since 1971 and they still are not anywhere near being effective as the natural ones and probably never will but they keep on trying, spending billions of dollars so they can patent them to make gazillions of dollars. Well, they are already out there in the natural form, which by the way, IF they were sold on the basis of drug costing would be up to about ten times as expensive and who could afford THAT? Not me. I am a pensioner but have wonderful wellness. You can too. Just ask me and I will show you where to get your science and information to back it all up. I personally think everyone has the right to know, the rest is up to you.

Cheryl B (373)
Friday April 17, 2009, 6:45 pm
I have checked out glyconutrients, I haven;t tried them yet. I do take d-rose, which is a 5 carbon sugar found in all living cells. It is a component of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), ribonucleic acid (RNA) and cucleotiedds and nucleotide coenzymes. It is recommended for those withe ME/CFS/FM and other illnesses that cause extreme fatigue, as do other products like NADH and for people who have mitrocondia damage, those with ME/CFS do. Mine is severa and although I use it daily - the D-Ribose, it doesn't make that much of a difference. I know others that it has made a huge difference. These and several others I use work 'inside the cell"

As for eating habits though I would be getting glyconutrients, not enough, and they interestingly enough work outside the cell, I have focused on ATP for inside the cells, as I have mitrocodina damage. have seen
N- acetyl-neuraminic acid
N-acetyl- galactosamine

I will check into more, thank you

Cheryl B (373)
Friday April 17, 2009, 7:21 pm
actually I can't find any scientic studies on it, each site is almost a duplicate of the same info to actually sell the product not support with actual scientific studies, in one instance it is mentioned there isn't any.

Can you leave some links please, I am interested, however I am already taking 5 carbon sugar found in living cells, and there are studies and many have 40-45% increase in energy and wellness, that have fibromyalgia, my ME/CFS, me, I have hepC and brain body damaged repeated, so I haven't gotten alot of improvement

I would be interested in seeing some documentation, thanks

Cheryl B (373)
Friday April 17, 2009, 9:03 pm
found some, that took a bit, would be worth putting in a separate submission, if you care 2 to the or a study, their are sites all over selling it, some look questionable thou, I would check you are getting a good high quality supplier with a good reputation that sells other products as well

Robert Garvin (46)
Saturday April 18, 2009, 8:46 am
Hi Cheryl, Thanks for the star. What i am more interested in is people getting information than trying to sell them some products. I have just looked up on Oxford University but found there some interesting information. Unfortunately, as you say, there is someone trying to flog products which I suppose is OK to a point but there is one site that there is NO links to buying products. do not put it in google, just the top line and you may be quite surprised at this information. Once you have read that, place the same address into google and there is some interesting information there but unfortunately it is anecdotal information and NOT scientific info. Read the blogg that mentions Michelle. I have met her personally and have her graduation photo above my computer. She is for real and a lovely girl who is now 20 years old and having a quality of life that could only be dreamed of before.

Nothing is perfect but by using the Glyco nutrient program I have found that there are actually four categories of people that filters through. 30% of folks may have quite fast results on the programme where they start seeing results within a few days. I try to discourage folks from thinking this is the norm because there are another 30% or thereabouts who take up to two years before they start seeing any results in addressing some physical problem and on top of that, there is yet another 30% who will take up to three or four years before their challenge is addressed. Unfortunately, there seems to be about 10% who just seem to not respond at all.
I find that most folks will be demanding that the programme will operate for them in two days flat. Sorry, there is NO quick fix and you MUST work with how your body chooses to respond. Terry, who had a stroke some 19 years ago, was informed at year seven that nothing else could be done for him. He accepted that but was always annoyed because he was unable to use his right hand for any useful purpose. He went onto the Glyco program in mid to early June. He had an immediate change in his arm and he was able to feel hot and cold within three days. His mouth which would only open on one side, now was able to open full size. By six months he was able to open the door on his vehicle with his right hand and also to be able to lift his arm above his head,

Now that was okay for Terry, but what about his Wife Joyce? Well after 8 months she was using the programme at the same time as terry BUT she had NO apparent results. If I had not taken the time to explain some of the idiosycracies of the programme, Joy would have spat the dummy as she had absolutely NO results after the 10 months but is persisting with It as it may take her two or three years before her challenges may be addressed. The body is actually refurbishing itself and it has a mind of its own.

When one gets their information from someone who is prepared to do whatever it takes, will be ultimately rewarded.

Before running off and buying something that you know nothing about, let me help you to get some understanding of what you will have in your hands. If after that you decide to do something for yourself and your wellness, Then we can look at where you can get the glycos from and how to order them. That must only be when YOU feel you will get real value, otherwise you may be wasting your money. Education is MOST important first.

I know it can be a strong temptation to want to get onto the programme immediately BUT please be patient.
If you want to contact me personally for direct information transfer, my email address is:- I know how much folks want to get up and running with the programme but please be assured, I have seen too many folks who were impatient and all they did was they lost their money because they had NO idea what was really hppening in their bodies. Be a little bit more patient and follow the guidelines BEFORE moving further. By the way, there is only ONE company that owns this technology and they have a philosophy that says "People are more important than Money" but that is another story to be discussed at some future time. I am off to bed. See you soon.

Robert Garvin (46)
Saturday April 18, 2009, 5:01 pm
Having had a sleep and then giving more thought to the body system. As it mentions in the main article, the whole body does work in synergy (like the workings of a car. you have a motor connected to a gearbox then a tail shaft to a differential transmitting power through the axles to the wheels. Any malfunction along that drive train will halt the movement of the car). the body has a number of systems that are totally integrated and when one system has a breakdown, it causes problems with the other systems.

Cheryl, you mention about something that works "inside" the cells, THAT is where Glyconutrients begin their work. Every function within the cell depends somewhere on those glycos Whether it is protein synthesis or just the communication both inside and outside the cell, these special carbohydrates will be part of the operating system.

To make it just a little more simple to understand (hopefully) there are some five systems that need to operate together for the body system to function reasonably. Medical Folks will tell you that there are many more but for simplicity we will stay with the five.

1.Cell to cell communication
2.Cell protection and regeneration
3.Endocrine system
4. Cell nutrition
5. Immune system

If these five are not all working together, there will be malfunction or as we like to call it dis-ease.
Science and scientists work very hard to try and get this all working synergistically with some of the wonder drugs and that is highly commendable. These people are working for the betterment of both society and the individual and need to be recognised for their almost tireless investigation into the body system and working to provide the basics for our well being. There are many folks whose lives have been saved by some of the wonderful pharmaceutical findings over the last hundred years so do not forget that.

Where we are coming from in this programme is that the body grows and builds on a balance of nutrition. There is a need for certain types of nutrition to feed the five systems of the body. IF some of that nutrition is missing, it may cause a breakdown in certain areas and like the car, there are problems that must be addressed before the car can move on.

Another analogy with the car can explain other situations with the car. Each cell in the body is actually a whole manufacturing plant within itself. If it was brought up to the size of a car manufacturing plant, it would cover a very large area. So lets take the analogy further.

The production line for cars involves a lot more than just placing the parts together. there are manufacturing areas for every part and type of part which must be operated before the car starts to be assembled. Now we will look at a very simple breakdown on the assembly line. The windscreen wipers and the brake pads sections have had a very big problem and these items have not been manufactured. Everyone knows that a car can be driven without the wipers and one can even drive a car carefully without brakes, BUT when that vehicle tries to stop in a hurry or runs into a heavy downpour of rain, there will be massive problems and catastrophe. So lets see what happens on the assembly line that might cause some problems.

The car can be assembled up to the point of the brakes being placed in position. No brakes, so the whole line is now stopped because one can not sell cars without there being brakes (or windscreen wipers). If the required commodity does not turn up in a month, workers will be laid off as production will have reached saturation point for the rest of the components and a massive stockpile will be there BUT assembly can not go any further until the brake pads arrive (and the windscreen wipers). After a few months, the workers are not getting paid because there is NO production so those who are renting can not meet the rentals costs and will be asked to move out of their houses. those who are buying their houses will be forced to sell them. There will be no money to buy food for the children and so the breakdown in the community escalates and the economy is in distress. ALL BECAUSE THERE WERE NO BRAKE PADS AND WINDSCREEN WIPERS being manufactured.

Our bodies do have a small backup system where peter robs paul until paul become bankrupt and DIS-EASE becomes prevalent within the system. the deficiency will probably stem from lack of certain nutrition which, like the car assembly plant, is closed down because of the lack of just something quite simple, BUT, absolutely necessary for proper operation of the system.

I hope that makes things just a little more easy to understand. I am not some great doctor or scientist who is doing the research on the front line but I do listen to some of them and so all this information is not original to me. I am not that smart. I have met some of the Scientific leaders and talked with them and listened as they have explained these things so I am hoping i have passed on to you something of value so that you have a little better understanding of some of the challenges that our bodies face on a day to day operation.

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